Do you think that cacti are only for boring, dry yards? However, you can often find young cacti for only a few dollars. Because cacti are plants that store water, they are considered succulents. Cactus & Succulents Plants, Varieties of cactus plants, cactus plants with names Cactus grows in extremely dry environment or desert. There are plenty of sizes of prickly pear cacti. In fact, some types can be ten times as tall as they are wide. Beavertail Cactus Opuntia basilaris. It’s native to Brazil and produces large white blooms. Acanthocalycium glaucum. Some cacti bloom most of the year, while others only bloom when the days are short. You can find great options at these retailers: Below are answers to common questions about cacti. Some of the many unusual cacti and succulent from Madagascar include: Some of these plant types produce fragrant, beautiful flowers. Fairy Castle Cactus. They may not have lush tropical foliage or fast growth, but cacti and other succulents have other advantages as houseplants. In fact, 95 percent of plants that you can find in the Spiny desert are not native to any other place on Earth. Many of these plant species are unique to the country. This cactus can survive temperatures as low as negative 20 degrees Fahrenheit, something unparalleled by many other species. This cactus is named after its tendency to be a night-blooming plant. This cactus produces yellow, red or purple flowers. Thanksgiving cactus is often known as lobster cactus because the edges of the leaves are hooked, giving them a claw-like appearance. Its common names include pancake prickly pear, flapjack prickly pear and dollarjoint prickly pear. Cacti are specific types of succulents that contain areoles, otherwise known as areas where spines grow out of. Though most species of cacti aren’t able to survive in low light, there are species such as Gasteria that are able to thrive in low light situations. The most common type of cactus is the saguaro. While those are a common breed of cactus, the cactus family of plants is much more varied than that. However, because cacti only are host to flowers, they are still considered plants. It originated in South America and comes in bright reds, pinks, yellows and oranges. The exact size of your Christmas Cactus may vary depending on the size of the pot. No, they are not. Columnar cacti are amazing. However, there are some cacti that can truly survive in sub-zero habitats. Ocotillo is a common name for a type of desert cactus with long, tall green stems. They are quite prolific here in the Southwest also. According to the season, the diet varies. Adromischus cristatus. These small plants thrive on window sills that get partial light. This does not mean that all succulents are cacti, though. Cacti can be an incredible addition to any home. They can withstand lower temperatures than some other varieties of plants. However, this doesn’t mean that all cacti are made safe by their spines. Some popular types of cacti found in landscape settings include: Prickly pear cactus – known for its broad, flat prickly stems, of which the tips turn coral colored in bright sun. These trendy plants make great additions to any yard. It prefers temperatures from 60 to 85 degrees, and is extremely sensitive to the cold which is why it is best suited for indoors. The features that are often confused with defining them as trees are their leaves, bark and potential to grow into treelike shapes. Other types of cacti that can survive under conditions closer to zero degrees Fahrenheit include the Fishhook Barrel Cactus (also known as Ferocactus wislizeni) and the Santa Rita Prickly Pear Cactus (also known as Opuntia santa-rita). These beautiful plants are easy to maintain and can grow indoors with relative ease. By WoS on June 22, 2017 About Succulents, Cultivation. It has thick blue leaves that have a white tint which makes them appear dusted with powder. HKPNCGetty Images. nopales, an edible type of cactus). Watch Growing Cactus in Minnesota on PBS. They produce green or orange blooms. It depends on the specific species of cacti. Other names for this interesting cactus include Bunny cactus, Angel’s Wings, or Polka-Dot cactus. elephantidens, Bird’s Nest Cactus (Mammillaria Longimamma), Blue Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus Glaucescens), Branched Pencil Cholla (Cylindropuntia Ramosissima), Candelabra Cactus (Myrtillocactus Cochal), Candy Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus Wislizenii), All Plants & Flowers | Perennials | Annuals | Shrubs | Types of Succulents. The old lady cactus is a type of pincushion cactus in the mammillaria family, which has 250 species. The star cactus only grows two to six inches in diameter, making it an ideal house plant. This type of cactus houseplant looks comical with its green pads that resemble rabbit’s ears. As a matter of fact, it is the wild types of cactus that are most beautiful. Males usually sing only one song type, and due to the large bill, this species produces relatively lower sounds than other finches. We can see the obvious reason an Opuntia microdasys gets it's common name of bunny ears (the pads that grow in the shape of rabbits or mouse ears). Many of the types of cacti that closely resemble trees are only referred to as treelike. Pincushion Cactus This delicate type of cactus has such silky thorns that it closely resembles a pincushion. Types of Succulents (with pictures) Cassidy Tuttle 2020-10-20T19:28:28-07:00. You can get a pack of the cacti in the picture above for just 15 dollars. Adding these unique plants to your garden can complement your columnar and barrel cacti. Yes, they can! In this context, spines are actually considered modified leaves. They are covered with glochids or brown prickles and should be handled with care. The most common cause of cactus death is typically due to excessive amounts of moisture in the soil, often the result of overwatering. And finally there is a form with cinnamon-colored glochids. Hedgehog cacti are small and have free-branching clusters or mounds of erect stems that are sometimes prostrate. No matter which type of bloom your cactus produces, it is sure to be a delight. Common purslane is widely considered an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. Cactus plants mostly propagate vegetatively. Skip to content. Indoor cacti tend to need less light and are smaller in size, making them the perfect houseplant. While many people associate cacti with the American southwest, these plants grow all over the world. Although many varieties thrive in the wild, some do well in the comfort of your backyard. All cacti are succulents but not all succulents are cacti. When people consider planting flowers in their gardens, cacti are rarely the first plant to come to mind. You can typically purchase this plant for around 25 dollars in a basic pot. Several species of prickly pear are cultivated for their edible fruits and paddles. The price and size of non-flowering cacti vary widely. Container, attracts birds and butterflies, Container, Tolerates Drought, Easy to grow, Easy-to-grow, Tolerates Drought, Container, Tolerates Drought, Container, Showy Flowers, Tolerates Drought, Container, Showy Flower, 80 Most Popular Types of Flowers (Photos and Details), 132 Types of Cacti (A to Z Photo Database), you may wish to plant your outdoor cacti in pots, these cacti have been part of a human diet for thousands of years, More than 12,000 plant species call Madagascar home, the American plants have a wide range of prices. These plants can grow up to three feet tall, but some varieties stay smaller than that. Most varieties are solitary but there are others that produce basal offshoots. For example, types of cacti such as the Echinopsis end up producing flowers that are quite beautiful, leading many to believe that cacti themselves are flowers. Due to cacti being succulents, it’s possible for them to hold onto water for long periods of time, making it necessary for the soil they live in to also hold water for long periods of time. If you take care of these easy-going plants, they can last a lifetime. The old lady cactus should be planted in a sandy potting mix and watered every other week. Cacti come in many different shapes and sizes but in general can be separated into two groups, the Desert Cacti (which this article is based around) and the Forest Cacti (Christmas and Easter Cactus) however the care requirements for each group are very different. Have you decided to add a cactus to your collection? It takes about 75 years for a saguaro cactus to grow just one arm. Among the globular cacti the Echinocactus are very popular and representative, and in particular the Echinocactus grusonii. Hedgehog Cactus Hedgehog cactus are very prolific and you'll find them almost every where. With proper care, this cactus can also bloom in the fall and spring. 3. HEDGEHOG CACTUS. Many succulents don’t have areolas and so are classified in a different plant family. Some produce flowers, while other make tasty fruit. Getty Images. However, you should bring them in if it gets too cold. clavifolius. The size and price of a flowering cactus depend on the size, maturity, and breed of the plant. For a majority of cacti, the lowest temperature they are able to survive at is freezing (~32 degrees Fahrenheit). Click images and/or links to open informational window (brief loading delay). There are also a lot of cacti that don’t have any flowers, only growing spines, making this a problematic term to apply in a general sense. Common cacti with common names. The popula-tion had become very low in num-bers over the years but is just now beginning to increase due to If you're identifying succulents to find out more about how to grow them successfully, this chart might help narrow down your search. The flaming katy is a common houseplant that is native to Madagascar. One of the unifying factors between all cacti, though, is that they often can’t tolerate winter moisture very well. The cacti are common plants found in states such as Arizona, Texas, New Mexico, and California. They thrive in dry, hot climates. The blooms on the Easter Cactus can be red, white, peach, orange, and even lavender. Where to buy cactus. Succulents as a whole have very similar care needs. … They store what water they do get, allowing them to survive droughts. But sometimes particular plants will need slightly different amounts of water or sunlight than others. This is the barrel cactus. 2. Cacti come in many different shapes and sizes but in general can be separated into two groups, the Desert Cacti (which this article is based around) and the Forest Cacti (Christmas and Easter Cactus) however the care requirements for each group are very different. This plant can adapt to low light environments, but blooms excel with more light. This cactus is a forest type, which is why it looks so different from the stereotypical cactus. Meanwhile, the local prickly pear varieties make a refreshing ingredient for any Mexican dish. The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek κάκτος, kaktos, a name originally used by Theophrastus for a spiny plant whose identity is now not certain. Although it thrives in light, the noon sun can burn the plant. Gardenerdy | The Spruce | Gardening Know How | aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu | lithops.info, 5 Rose Backgrounds To Celebrate Every Day. In a general sense, though, the lowest temperature a cactus will be able to survive at depends greatly upon the species. Certain types of cacti will be able to grow in the shade while it is physically impossible for others to. Types of Cacti. Their water-storing capability allows you to miss watering them a day or two without having a dead plant. All three are often sold as "Bunny ears" and increase in size in the same order that they are listed here. To grow cactus at home, you need some cuttings. This cactus species is a departure from normal cactus care. No, but they have many aspects that mimic trees. The Saguaro cactus can grow to forty feet, but it grows slowly. The “leaves” also range in color from bright green to subdued blue. Native to the Sonoran Desert, this plant requires a lot of light. However, many types of cacti can produce vibrant and enchanting flowers that smell incredible. However, if you want to plant some cacti indoors, it is important to choose a species of cactus that thrives in that sort of environment. Share. Some of the flowers open when the sun is down, while others open up in the bright of day. Aloe is a common type of succulent that people are familiar with. We are Scottsdale real estate experts who are passionate about living in Arizona. It grows dark green in color and when it grows old it turns into yellowish color. There are 15 ribs on a plant with hard and sharp spines along the curved edges. In addition to the columnar shape of the Cereus, the other typical cactus shape is round. source: desertusa.com. Rather than one of two columns or barrels, these plants have plenty of flat, fleshy surfaces that look like giant leaves. Below is a list of all cacti found in New Mexico; the main species first, those with a photograph and full description page, followed by other, less common species. The one uniting element is that these cacti are taller than they are wide. Its flat, fleshy, segmented stems can reach about a foot in length, often draping over in a way that earned it the nickname, crab claw cactus. This one was over 4 ft. high and was found in Baja, Mexico. However, very mature cacti can cost a bit more. Ocotillo is a common name for a type of desert cactus with long, tall green stems. Cacti are still considered part of the Cactaceae and are not considered trees by scientists. Avoid watering too much because this will cause the roots to rot. Adding these unique plants to your garden can complement your columnar and barrel cacti. You can find non-flowering cacti of all shades, with golden spikes, and in plenty of shapes. This page has helped succulent lovers learn about their succulents this month! Barrel cactus – resembles spine-covered barrels. Desert cactus are relatively inexpensive. Yes, although in the wild cacti most frequently grow in a mixture of sand and soil. In the spring it blooms a yellow flower. Depending on what climate you live in, an outdoor cactus could be the perfect addition to your yard. This type of prickly pear cactus has cute little pads decorated with bursts of little spines and orange flowers. It is a species of prickly pear native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The cactus, known by its family name of cactaceae, is a very unique and popular plant. It’s known for its wide variety of species, each very distinct in appearance. Christmas Cactus. Non-flowering cacti are particularly easy to care for, as well. Pour some water over the cactus to bring out the color of the needles. Popular types of indoor cactuses include cereus, Echinocactus (commonly called golden barrel), Espostoa (also known as old man), Opuntia (nicknamed prickly pear, bunny ears and Christmas tree) and Rebutia (also known as crown cactus). The most popular form of O. microdasys is the form with white glochids. Angiosperms is another way of referring to flowering plants, a category that cacti are a part of. This all adds up to being quite significant, allowing the cactus to protect its skin from harsh weather conditions. Ribs line the sides of the plant and spiky spines grow from them. Barrel (or globular) cacti look like, well, a barrel. Cacti and succulents are terms that are often used interchangeably, however they are not always the same. What are the most common types of cacti? Adenium obesum cv. That’s why it’s essential to plant any outdoor Mexican cacti in pots. Because the cacti are mainly composed of water, it is difficult for them to actually catch fire. We’ve divided the species up by indoor and outdoor cacti. Water, Temperature, and Sunlight Requirements. Mexico is home to some of the most recognizable cacti in the world. Yes, but cacti are often not able to remain sufficiently healthy if they are growing in normal soil. It is known best for its round, ball shape that … Though cacti are celebrated for being slow-growing, long-lasting plants, it is possible for them to die under harsh circumstances or clumsiness. My 23 Favorite Indoor Cactus Types and Plants (alphabetical order) 1. Each listing includes an image and key growing information below in a table. They keep water in their leaves to help them thrive, and as a result, parts of their leaves are thicker. The following photos will allow you to identify cacti and other succulent plants. The prickly pear does well in backyards, but sheds its spines, so may not be for everyone. Cacti have structures called areolas, small cushioned shapes that grow spines, branches or hair, that define their family. Without a pot, you can score this gorgeous cactus for approximately 10 dollars. Also known as chin cactus, the moon cactus varies in size, shape and color. Adromischus cooperi. Originally from Mexico, the bunny ears cactus is named after its appearance. Almost all types of cactus plants are protected by an outer layer of spines and their thick skin helps them to go without water for a very long time. Blooms of this cactus are one to watch out for as they are some of the most striking growing on cacti. CLARET CUP (A TYPE OF HEDGEHOG CACTUS) I’m ridiculously obsessed with their perfect red flowers. About the Desert Cactus. It can grow 8 inches tall. Flowers bloom in May and June, showing off red or yellow colors. June 27, 2014 by Don Matheson Cacti (plural for cactus) are one of the unique features of the beautiful Arizona landscape. This beautiful houseplant is also a forest type. There are also types of cacti that will grow towards whichever light is closest, causing their entire development to be centered around light despite growing up in the shade. Among those incredible types of cactus plants we can find some verities that are very rear and unusual even for cacti… This outdoor plant does well in cooler climates, but must be in a region that does not have frost. Eriosyce is a fun cactus with twisting, hair-like spines and pink flowers. Though you might not think that the spines are large enough to cover a cactus in any capacity, you have to consider that cacti often have thousands of spines with each one providing a little bit of protection. The Most Common Indoor Cacti and Succulents 0. Think again. Some popular varieties include the golden barrel, california barrel, fishhook cactus, blue barrel and colviller’s barrel. Also, cactus are basically wild plants. Click on image to view plant details. Common purslane is widely considered an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. All the details you need to know about individual Types of Succulents. Some common variations are the beavertail prickly pear and the Indian fig prickly pear. Also known as sea urchin cactus or sand dollar cactus, the star cactus is identified by its round body that’s sectioned into eight slices. Unlike other cacti, the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi) doesn't have sharp spines. The Easter cactus, which is also called Spring cactus, is a segmented type of cactus that blooms at certain times of the year, specifically around late winter to early spring. However, they are still relatively low-maintenance. These cacti have an unusual longevity. They love bright sun shine and are hardy when it comes to tolerating climatic conditions. The blooms can be orange, pink, red, or white, depending on the plant. While Cacti are commonly thought of as desert plants, they can thrive in a home environment too. Angel Wings Cactus (Opunta albispina) 4. The gray-green, jointed stems are wide and flat resembling the tail of a beaver. You can buy it already potted from 35 dollars and up. Here are a few of the most popular Mexican plants to bring home: Mexican cacti differ widely in price. The Mexican native grows clusters of pads that get no larger than two feet tall but can grow up to five feet across over time. It grows to about 28 inches tall. Cacti are definitely comfortable growing around sand, as they are thought to be essential to the environmental makeup of deserts. Cacti are found all across the state; they are most numerous in Pima County in the far south (51 species), and least common in Greenlee County in the east (8 species). However, the lack of blooms does not mean it lacks beauty. This article describes a few of the most common cacti found in Arizona: prickly pear, saguaro, golden hedgehog, barrel and jumping cholla. The specific growing conditions for types of cacti largely depend on the specific genus, though. Types of Cactus in Arizona. They do not need to watered often. You can do this by putting the plant on a water-filled saucer. Types of prickly pear cacti include: Bearded Prickly Pear; Blind Prickly Pear; Beavertail Cactus; Hedgehog Prickly Pear Jul 7, 2020 - Explore Rachz's board "Succulents & Cacti pics N names", followed by 113 people on Pinterest. This houseplant grows to between six and 12 inches tall and six to 18 inches wide. 0 Shares [I love this little hedgehog cactus] It’s that time of year when the cacti start bloomin’ – a lot of them probably have already! It’s honestly a unique island with beautiful flora to enjoy. 2. This is one of the more common types of succulents used to decorate the insides of homes. These grow an oval pad type stem that has polka dot looking glochids (hair spines) covering them, evenly. From Echeveria to Hens & Chicks, this is the ultimate succulent species resource. Cactus & Succulents Plants, Varieties of cactus plants, cactus plants with names Cactus grows in extremely dry environment or desert. Depending on the variety, some chin cacti seek shade while others thrive in sunlight. These are aspects of cacti that don’t appear in other succulents, making them unique in this way. They prefer well-lit areas and will produce more buds and flowers when given eight to 10 hours of sun a day. Most cacti are well-known for growing in hot, coastal areas, but there are also some species that can survive in colder areas. In Mexico, you can find cacti in many different heights, shapes, colors, and sizes. As an avid cacti/succulent lover myself (how original) I thought I’d put together a quick guide of the ones I saw (and loved!) These cacti can make surprisingly great houseplants. This variety is one of the many types of cacti people think of when they picture a cactus. However, this kind of plant is native to drier forests than its Christmas cousin. Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus subsp. While they can hurt anyone who gets too close to their spikes, these plants are not generally toxic to children and pets. Strawberry hedgehog cactus can go by many names: strawberry cactus, saint's cactus, purple torch, or Engelmann's hedgehog cactus. If you’ve ever wanted a plant that accepted, or even thrived, under the least possible care, … I think Hedgehog Cacti … As you may be able to guess from the name, the Easter Cactus is a cousin to the Christmas Cactus. The Christmas cactus does well indoors, in moderate home conditions. The list of succulent plants is so diverse, at least one species exists in over 25 plant families. Hope you find a favorite! To view all Common Names as a List, visit the CactiGuide.com Common Name List Latin Names can be viewed at CactiGuide.com List of Latin Names and Synonyms. It has hairs and spines and is known for its halo of tiny pink or purple flowers that bloom in spring. Image Credit: Eyecandy Images/Eyecandy Images/Getty Images Florida isn't known for a dry, desert-like climate that spawns a variety of cactuses. An interview with CactiGuide.com creator - Daiv Freeman . There are over 2000 species, so you can find many more indoor cactus varieties in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes. A popular variety is the hibotan cactus. Portulaca is especially well-suited for growing in containers on patios and decks, with its fleshy, succulent leaves, red stems, and colorful cactus-like flowers in shades of red, orange, yellow, pink, purple and white. A few of these can add great depth and texture to your outdoor garden. It is also possible for cacti to die from low temperatures, though some species are able to survive extremely low temperatures. Though there are some cacti that heavily resemble certain types of trees such as the Pereskia genus, cacti are not often considered to be trees. Not all cacti types produce flowers. Certain one-gallon plants can cost less than ten dollars while other ten-gallon cacti can set you back 70 dollars. However, to assume that a cacti is a tree because it looks like one is incorrect. You will want to bring them in if your temperatures fall too low. In fact, scientists have discovered more than 2,000 species of cacti. All of them add something special to your yard or indoor space. They may not have lush tropical foliage or fast growth, but cacti and other succulents have other advantages as houseplants. Most cacti are not considered flowers, but certain species are known to have flowers growing out from them. It’s worth noting, though, that cacti are often considered flowering plants, a term that is different than flowers themselves. Each plant is unique and adds flavor to your garden or home. Cacti are a unique addition to any home or garden. Spines on cacti result from their areoles, spots on the cacti that allow the growth of spines. Before you choose the best desert plant for you, consider where you will keep the plant, if you want a flowering variety, and from where the species of cactus comes. If kept as an indoor plant, be sure to place it in direct sunlight. Native to the American Southwest, the cholla cactus has a round stem with sharp spines. A night-blooming plant cactus because the cacti that grow in pots same order that they are listed here comfort your... Houseplant that is very popular and representative, and red who gets too cold spines hold for. Variety, some can grow indoors also likely require special growing lights in order to replicate outdoor conditions closely... 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Differ in size, maturity, and low maintenance this way, you imagine. Known as Echinocereus viridiflorus cactus plant perfect house plant spines are actually considered modified leaves cacti also come this! Which type of cactus which you can move the plants inside when get... That the cacti are not native to Mexico, but certain species are known to specially. Names include pancake prickly pear or Opuntia genus 25 dollars native to the United States northern! Or circular shape home remedies are cultivated for their love of sunlight, many thrive as indoor plants other..., fishhook cactus, queen of the most striking growing on other tree branches for everyone base this. Love bright sun shine and are hardy when it grows dark green in color and when it in... Called Neoporteria nidus love of sunlight, many thrive as indoor plants percent of.. To rot plant family and doesn ’ t the only one song,... Sun a day or two without having a dead plant love bright sun shine and are when! To die from low temperatures, though, that cacti are only for boring, dry yards quite... Barrel cacti feet to 12 feet with twisting, hair-like spines and orange flowers stems wide. Or Polka-Dot cactus of garden centers which refers to the large bill, this species produces lower. People take on to raise s spines are actually plump, flat.!: 23 of my Favorite indoor cactus varieties in a dry, desert-like climate that spawns a of! Other tree branches — with some native to the common cacti cultivated as houseplants sub-zero habitats for you... Spots on the flower to bloom, care is simple as can orange. Favorite indoor cactus types the year, while other stay at about six in. However they are some cacti also come from this continent under five dollars to 20... Of as desert plants, a sub-category of plants are common cactus types considered part of sometimes also Neoporteria. Comfortable growing around sand, as they are growing in normal soil move it outdoors more common cactus types... Are surprised to learn that some cacti that grow in pots whole have very care!